When recession of the gum tissue occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using gum grafting techniques is an option.
When there is only minor recession, some healthy gum tissue often remains and protects the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession becomes advanced, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant, gum recession can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root decay and root gouging.
Gum grafting may also be performed in conjunction with dental implant procedures. In order to obtain the most natural appearing results, the gums may need to be augmented or enhanced with additional gum grafts. Click here for more information.